Wildlife Sanctuaries in India


No area on this planet can compete with India by way of unmatched number of Flora and Fauna. India’s wildlife is wealthy and various. Virtually 24.16 % of India’s land is below forests. With its unimaginable number of terrain, a few of the species present in india are indigenous, and are discovered nowhere on this planet; equivalent to sloth bear, black buck, chausingha and Nilgai.

The favored animals present in India are the ferocious Bengal Tiger, unimaginable Indian Lion, Black bear, Apes, , Monkeys, Snakes, Crocodiles, Buffaloes, Asian Elephants, Noticed Deer, Sambar Deer, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Swamp Deer, One-Horned Rhinoceros, Indian Gazelle (Chinkara), Goats and Leopards. Elephants present the utmost pleasure whereas exploring India. India can be well-known for the most important variety of chicken species; out of the1300 species of birds present in India, 42 are endemic.

There are greater than 500 wildlife sanctuaries and 103 Nationwide Parks in India, which are a magnet for travellers and vacationers from everywhere in the world. Be it the favored Asiatic Lion, the Royal Bengal Tiger the Flying Fox or the Nilgai you’re certain to catch a glimpse of essentially the most distinctive animals that are in any other case solely heard of. A serious attraction for vacationers from all corners of the globe the wildlife sanctuaries in India are apt locations for the ornithologists, wildlife photographers, researchers and easily the animal and plant lovers. So as to expertise the unique wildlife of the quite a few wildlife sanctuaries in India you must go to any of the few talked about under.

Among the main wildlife sanctuaries are Corbett Nationwide Park, Gir Wildlife Sanctuary, Khangchendzonga Nationwide Park in Sikkim, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala, Neyyar Sanctuary, Blackbuck Nationwide Park, Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary and so forth. There are some lodges, resorts or guesthouses to cater to the lodging wants of vacationers. One can see these sanctuaries accompanied by a information, supplied by the native journey brokers.

Out of the 34 biodiversity wealthy spots on this planet, three lie in India; they’re the Western Ghats, the Japanese Himalayas and Indo-Burma area. There are 18 biosphere reserves in India. These purpose at securing the ecosystem by stopping irresponsible interference of people with the ecosystem and in addition to preserve the endemic and endangered species. Out of those 18, 4 are a part of the World Community of Biosphere Reserves.

The protected space, in India, covers virtually 5% of complete geographical space of the nation. Scattered all throughout the nation, these sanctuaries and parks provide a spectacular deal with to the guests with their stunning landscapes, superb rock formation and various vary of wildlife. Most of those sanctuaries have been initially personal looking grounds of the previous Indian aristocratic households.

Paying a go to to India’s wildlife sanctuaries is one thing that one mustn’t rule out when on a vacation to this nation. To a fantastic extent, the wildlife depends upon the flora or the vegetation within the area. The vegetation within the North Indian forests is especially deciduous and coniferous.

The 2 most important animal parks in Northern India are the Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary and the extra well-known Jim Corbett Nationwide Park which is house to India’s endangered Bengal Tiger, together with as many as 488 uncommon crops and 650 animals. Round 37 several types of dragon fly have been discovered there. The spectacular riverine belts, hills main into the Himalayas, marshlands and grasslands enthral the guests.

The varied floral depend at Jim Corbett is totally astonishing; in line with botanical survey of India Corbett has 600 species of crops together with Sal, Khair-Sisso, Chir Pine and Bamboo forests. Flowering bushes like Kachnar (white tom pink flowers), Semal (big pink blooms), Dhak (vibrant and eye pleasing orange flowers) additionally referred to as the flame of the forest, Amaltas (vibrant yellow chandelier like blooms) and Madaar or Indian Coral (pink flowers) present a vibrancy to the area.

Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary is a perfect place for chicken lovers and ornithologists. Over 200 species of native and unique migratory birds flock right here and the realm has been declared an “Essential Hen Space by Hen Life Worldwide”. Blackbirds, Forktail, Laughing Thrush, Nut-hatchers, Parakeets and Pheasants could be seen. It’s also well-known as the house to endangered species likes Indian Crimson Fox, Jackals, Porcupines and Pine martens; in addition to leopard, Black Himalayan Bear, Wild boars, Kakars, Monkeys. One can watch loads of birds and animals throughout trekking in forest.

These sanctuaries and forest reserves are house to a number of endangered species of animals and birds.

The Indian elephant is a sub-species of the Asiatic Elephant and has been enlisted as ‘endangered’ by IUCN – Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature and Pure Assets. Periyar Nationwide Park and Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala is marked as essentially the most protected space for the elephants and the tigers.

The Royal Bengal tiger, the nationwide animal of each India and Bangladesh is listed as ‘endangered’ on the IUCN Crimson Listing. There are about 50 tiger reserves in India; together with the Sunderban Nationwide Park, Jim Corbett, Dudhwa, Bandhavgarh and many others. Tiger reserves are the most effective locations to catch a glimpse of this large cat. The Kanha Nationwide Park in Madhya Pradesh is among the largest tiger reserves of India.

The Snow Leopard is one other ‘endangered’ species of the massive cat household. It’s a native of the Himalayan ranges and could be noticed on the Hemis Nationwide Park, Jammu and Kashmir; Nice Himalayan Nationwide Park (World Heritage web site) in Himachal Pradesh; Gangotri Nationwide Park,Uttarakhand; Khangchendzonga Nationwide Park, Sikkim; and Namdapha Nationwide Park of Arunachal Pradesh. Kaziranga Nationwide Park in Assam is understood to be house to the Indian one-horned Rhinoceros.

Dudhwa Nationwide Park is one other park made well-known by its large swamp deer inhabitants.

The wildlife sanctuaries of India additionally embody the chicken sanctuaries, just like the one at Bharatpur in Rajasthan. Completely different species of birds that one can discover over right here is actually fascinating. The Nice Indian bustard, Himalayan monal, pheasant, lammergiers, choughs, white-bellied sea eagle, white breasted swiftlet, fruit pigeons and griffon vultures are simply a few of the species that you may get to see right here. Keoladeo Nationwide Park also referred to as Bharatpur Hen Sanctuary is a World Heritage Web site, a Ramsar Wetland Web site and in addition recognized as an Essential Hen Space (IBA) by Birdlife Worldwide. The ‘critically endangered’ Siberian Crane which used to go to the Keoladeo Nationwide Park throughout winter months is extinct already it appears. These birds haven’t been sighted at Bharatpur since 2001.

Visits to wildlife sanctuaries deliver one nearer to nature. Guests can benefit from the quiet and peaceable environment of those parks whereas strolling previous the tall bushes throughout forest excursions and trails. A lot of guided wildlife safari excursions can be found which one can avail of so as to guarantee getting the most effective sightings attainable, though there is no such thing as a assure.

So, for a vacation crammed with pleasure be sure you take a look at the wildlife sanctuaries in India. You might be certain to have an expertise that’s price cherishing.

Wildlife in North India

Naturally blessed this a part of India is house to the huge Himalayas and the nice Gangetic Plains. As a result of its beneficial weather conditions and topographical variety North India helps a wealthy mixture of wildlife. North India offers shelter to a few of the best and the rarest wildlife in its sanctuaries. Among the species distinctive to this a part of the nation are; bluesheep, Himalayan marmots, snow partridges, snow leopards, goats like ibex, Himalayan wolfs, makhor, and many others. The record of most frequented wildlife sanctuaries in North India embody; Corbett Nationwide Park, Ranthambore Nationwide Park, and Bharatpur Nationwide Park.

Wildlife in East India

In case you actually wish to see animals of their pure habitat then a visit to the wildlife sanctuaries in East India is a should for you. Distinctive and various the wildlife of East India attracts hundreds of thousands of vacationer from totally different components of the globe. Dwelling to a few of the best endangered species like Hispid Hare, Pigmy Hog, the One-horned Rhinoceros and the Wild Buffalos the wildlife on this a part of the nation could be very totally different from the remainder of India. The 2 most necessary wildlife sanctuaries in East India are the Sundarbans and the Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary.

Wildlife in South India

South India is standard all throughout the globe for its extraordinary, uncommon and various wildlife. Characterised with lush greeneries; south India homes an interesting wildlife that consists of about 500 species of mammals, 1225 forms of Birds and1600 sorts of reptiles. Among the well-known wildlife sanctuaries within the southern a part of India embody; The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary and the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. The wildlife widespread to South India are; Bison, Malabar Trogon, Antelopes and many others.

Wildlife in West India

Perfect for the wildlife fans the western a part of India helps a outstanding a part of India’s wildlife. Supporting the expansion of a definite wildlife this a part of India resides greater than 40 mammals’ species and about 450 chicken species. Blessed by way of topography and local weather West India is house to a few of the hottest wildlife sanctuaries in India. There are about 300 Asiatic Lions within the Sasangir Wildlife Sanctuary which is located in Gujarat. The opposite necessary wildlife sanctuaries in West India embody; Dhangadhra Sanctuary the Velavadar Nationwide Park Marine Nationwide Park and Sanctuary and lots of extra.

Wildlife sanctuaries in India

Jim Corbett National Park: Stated to be India’s most stunning wildlife reserve, Jim Corbett Nationwide Park was established in 1936. Nestled within the foothills of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand, this Nationwide Park is unfold over an space of 1318.54 sq. km. Dwelling to a wealthy ecosystem the Jim Corbett consists rolling grasslands interspersed with rivers and valleys. A perfect place for chicken watchers and nature lovers this nationwide park in North India is the residing place of the endangered Bengal Tiger. Consisting of a diversified wildlife this sanctuary in India is house to about 600 totally different species of crops, over 650 species of birds and animals which incorporates gharial, elephant, chital, sambar, wild boar , King Cobra, Indian Pangolin nilgai, muntjac, widespread musk shrew, and the flying fox.

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary: Located within the mighty Western Ghats the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is alleged to be heaven for nature lovers. Set amidst the picturesque environment and huge tracts of lush greeneries of Kerala this wildlife sanctuary in South India is the adobe of a few of the rarest endangered species within the nation. Lovely as it’s this wildlife sanctuary presents enthralling views of nature and features a host of wildlife points of interest like Barking Deer, Dole or Indian Wild Canine, Deer, Mouse and really not often, a Tiger. There are additionally quite a few birds that inhabit the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary which embody Darters, Kingfishers, Cormorants and the Malabar Hornbill.

Gir National Park: Unfold over an space of 1412 sq km the Gir Nationwide Park lies within the Gujarat Peninsular area of India. Recognized to be the one habitat of the world famend Asiatic Lion, this wildlife reserve in western India is each nature lovers’ dream. Consisting of a seamless mix of valleys, rivers, dense deciduous forests and swampy grasslands this nationwide park is taken into account as one of many high wildlife habitats within the nation. Other than the Asiatic Lions this wildlife reserve can be well-known for species like; Gray Musk Shrew, Flying Foe, Hare, Hedgehog, Small Indian Civet, Indian Pangolin, Ratel, Porcupine, Fox and Jackal. The peafowl is crucial chicken discovered right here. Kamleshwar Dam offers a big water physique for marsh crocodiles, reptiles and birds.

Sariska National Park: Counted as one of the crucial frequented wildlife reserves in India, Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Alwar district of Rajasthan. Extending over 800 sq km of huge inexperienced milieu and encompassing sure necessary historic monuments, relationship again to 10 century, inside the neighborhood of the park this wildlife sanctuary is certainly eye sweet to nature and wildlife fans. The biosphere of this wildlife sanctuary consists of rocky landscapes, dry deciduous forests, and hilly cliffs. Sasrika is alleged to be ethereal for chicken watchers with a few of the rarest feathered species like Gray Partridge, white breasted Kingfisher, golden backed woodpecker and the Sand Grouse. Among the wildlife that reside on this sanctuary are; 4-horned antelope, hyena rhesus macaque, leopard, languor and the jungle cat.

Sunderbans Nationwide Park:

Synonymous with wildlife and wildlife sanctuaries in India the Sunderbans Nationwide Park is the undisputed gem within the crown of the jap a part of India. It’s located on this planet’s largest Delta this wildlife reserve in India spreads over an space of 4264 sq. km of impenetrable mangrove forests. Bestowed with the title of a UNESCO World Heritage Web site the Sunderbans in Japanese India is understood to be the most important tiger reserve within the nation. Idyllic for chicken gazers and nature lovers the Sunderbans is house to species a large number of species other than the Royal Bengal Tiger like; Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Chital, Wild boar and Pangolin.

Ranthambore National Park: When speaking about Nationwide Parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India Ranthambore Nationwide Park wants a particular point out. Ranked as one of many largest and most reputed nationwide park in North India this wildlife sanctuary is located in Rajasthan. Stated to be the as soon as well-known looking floor of the Maharajas of Jaipur this Nationwide Park sprawls over 1,334 sq km of terrain. Providing a gamut of wildlife and residential to species such because the sambar, hyena, sloth bear, leopard, nilgai, dhole and much extra it is a place price a go to.

Listing of high Wildlife Sanctuaries/Nation Parks in India

S.No. Title Situated at ( District, State) Established 12 months Space in Km Points of interest
1 Corbett Nationwide Park (Jim Corbett Nationwide Park) Nainital, Uttarakhand 1936 521 km2 The imposing Bengal Tigers
2 Ranthambore Nationwide Park Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan 1980 392 km2 Majestic Tigers
3 Bandipur Nationwide Park Gundlupet, Chamarajanagar District, Bandipur, Karnataka 1974 874 km2 Tiger, Asian elephant and lots of sorts of biomes
4 Keoladeo Ghana Nationwide Park Bharatpur, Rajasthan 1905 28.7 km2 Avifauna Birds
5 Nagarhole Nationwide Park Kodagu district and Mysore district, Karnataka 1988 642.39 km2 Tigers, Indian bison and elephants
6 Sariska Nationwide Park Close to Kraska, Alwar District, Sariska, Rajasthan 1955 866 km2 Bengal tigers
7 Kaziranga Nationwide Park Kanchanjuri, Assam 1908 430 km2 One horned Rhinos, Tigers and Wild Buffaloes
8 Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary Chikkamagaluru city, Karnataka 1951 492.46 km2 Tiger,
9 Kanha Nationwide Park Madla/ Balaghat districts, Madhya Pradesh 1955 940 km2 Tigers
10 Sunderbans Nationwide Park Dayapur, Gosaba, West Bengal 1984 1,330.12 km2 Bengal tigers
11 Bandhavgarh Nationwide Park Badhavgarh, District Umaria, Madhya Pradesh 1968 1,536 km2 White tiger
12 Gir Nationwide Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary Junagadh District, Gir Somnath District and Amreli District Gujarat, India 1965 1,412 km2 Asiatic lion
13 Periyar Nationwide Park Idukki, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta, Kerala state, India 1982 305 km2 Asian Elephants, Periyar Lake
14 Pench Nationwide Park Turia, Seoni Dist, Kurai, Madhya Pradesh 1983 758 km2 Impressed Rudyard Kiplingto write ‘The Jungle Ebook’, Whereas Tigers
15 Manas Nationwide Park Fatemabad – Mathanguri Street, Jyoti Gaon, Assam 1990 490.3 km2 wild water buffalo, Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog
16 Dudhwa Nationwide Park Palia Kalan, Uttar Pradesh 1977 542.67 km2 Tiger and swamp deer
17 Panna Nationwide Park Panna and Chhatarpur districts, Madhya Pradesh, India 1981 625.4 km2 tiger
18 Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India 1955 90.44 km2 Tiger
19 Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary Munnar – Udumalpet Street, Munnar, Kerala 1984 1,171 km2 Endangered grizzled big squirrel
20 The Nice Himalayan Nationwide Park SaiRopa, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh 1984 866.41 km2 Globally threatened,musk deer and the western horned tragopan
21 Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary Uttara Kannada District , Karnataka India NA 2.36 km2 Crocodiles, nice hornbill and Malabar pied hornbill
22 Silent Valley Nationwide Park Mannarkkad, Palakkad District, Kerala 1905 820 km2 Lion Tailed Macaque
23 Rajaji Nationwide Park Dehradun, Uttarakhand 1983 107 km2 Asian elephants, Bengal tigers
24 Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary Caranzol, Goa 1978 4,400 km2 Snakes, significantly the king cobra and black panther
25 Hemis Nationwide Park Leh, Jammu and Kashmir 1981 101 km2 Snow leopards , gompas and holy chortens
26 Interview Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal NA 7506.22 km2 Elephants
27 Kachchh/ Kutch Desert WLS Nice Rann of Kutch, Kutch district, Gujarat, India 1986 5000 Km2 Higher flamingo
28 Nelapattu Hen Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 1976 4953.71 km2 ” Largest habitat for pelicans, additionally Babblers, Flamingos, Open Billed Stork and many others
29 Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary Leh District, Jammu and Kashmir, India 1987 4,149 km2 Chiru or “Tibetan Antelope, ibetan gazalle, Himalayan ibex
30 Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary (Wild Ass WLS) Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, India 1973 3,568 km2 Endangered Indian Wild Ass/ ghudkhar
31 Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary Dibang Valley , Arunachal Pradesh, India 1991 6.14 km2 uncommon species – mishmi takin, asiatic black bear, gongshan muntjac, pink panda, pink goral and musk deer
32 Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam WLS/ Rajiv Gandhi WLS Nalgonda & Mahaboobnagar, Telangana 1978 861.95 km2 Bengal tiger
33 Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary Kurnool District, Rollapadu, Andhra Pradesh 1988 783 Km2 Nice Indian Bustard and Lesser Florican
34 Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 1978 282 km2 Tiger, Wild water buffalo was seen right here until Nineteen Eighties, however seems to be extinct on this area
35 Pakhui/ Pakke Tiger Reserve Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India 1977 26.22 km2 Giant cats – tiger, leopard and clouded leopard
36 Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary Lohit District, Arunachal Pradesh, India 1989 6.05 km2 Elephant , Tiger, big flying squirrel
37 Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary Decrease Dibang Valley district, Arunachal Pradesh 1980 20.98.62 km2 Bengal tiger, hoolock gibbon, leopard and clouded leopard.
38 Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 1989 681.99 km2 Birdwatcher’s Paradise. Primary attraction is Bugun liocichla , Asian elephant, capped langur (endangered), pink panda, gaur, Asiatic black bear, Arunachal macaque
39 Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary Udalguri District& Baksa District Assam, India 1980 551.55 Km2 Pygmy hog, hispid hare (each protected)
40 Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong district, Assam 1952 607.70 km2 hoolock gibbons and golden langurs, scorching springs
41 Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary Jorhat, Assam 1997 608.55 km2 Western hoolock gibbon and 15 species of apes
42 Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary Munger district, Bihar 1976 485.20 Km2 Tigers, panthers, birds
43 Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh 1975 1,027.53 km2 Tiger, leopard, bison
44 Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Narmada district of Gujarat 1982 975 km2 Python, pangolin, Flying squirrels
45 Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary Surajpur District, Chhattisgarh 1978 2073 km2 Elephant
46 Shenbagathoppu Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary Virudhunagar and Madurai districts, Tamil Nadu 1988 423.55 km2 Grizzled big squirrel (weak species), Periyar Tiger
47 Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka, India 1987 219 Km2 standard for Mahseer fish, birds
48 Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary Chamoli & Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand 1972 975 km2 Endangered Himalayan musk deer
49 Hastinapur WLS Meerut, Hapur, Bijnore and Amroha, in Uttar Pradesh, India 1986 2073 km2. Twelve – Horned Deer or “Baara Singha”, the State Hen – Saaras [Crane],crocodiles, turtles, playful Ganga Dolphins, Birds
50 Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary Satara, Maharashtra 1985 423.55 km2 Royal Bengal Tiger and King Cobra
51 Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary Alwar District, Rajasthan 1955 219 Km2 Bengal tigers, leopards

Final Up to date on : February 13, 2019

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