West Bengal has overtaken Uttar Pradesh and emerged as the highest State in vegetable manufacturing in 2018-19, the information offered at a latest horticultural assembly confirmed.
In response to the State-wise horticulture manufacturing knowledge launched at a convention organised by the Agriculture Ministry final week, West Bengal produced 29.55 million tonnes (mt) of greens final yr towards 27.70 mt within the yr earlier than. Vegetable manufacturing in UP, which held the numero uno place earlier, got here all the way down to 27.71 mt in 2018-19 from 28.32 mt the earlier yr.
Andhra Pradesh continued to carry on to the pole place in fruits with 17.61 mt, adopted by Maharashtra (10.82 mt) and UP (10.65 mt). Whereas Andhra Pradesh marginally improved its place, Maharashtra overtook Assam, which occupied the second place in 2017-18. UP, too, moved a number of notches up from 2017-18 ranges to achieve the third rank.
West Bengal accounted for 15.9 per cent of the nation’s whole vegetable manufacturing in 2018-19 whereas UP produced 14.9 per cent. Madhya Pradesh (9.6 per cent), Bihar (9 per cent) and Gujarat (6.8 per cent) had been the opposite main vegetable producers.
The world below vegetable cultivation elevated from 6.74 million hectare (mh) in 2004-05 to 10.10 mh in 2018-19 (third advance estimates). Vegetable manufacturing elevated from 101.25 mt in 2004-05 to 185.88 tonnes in 2018-19, with a mean productiveness of 18.4 tonnes per hectare. The main vegetable crops grown in India, which accounts for 11.2 per cent of world vegetable manufacturing, are potato, tomato, onion, brinjal, cabbage, cauliflower, peas, and okra.
With a manufacturing of 98.58 mt, fruits account for about 31.4 per cent of the full manufacturing of horticulture crops within the nation. The world below fruit crops cultivation throughout 2018-19 was 6.65 mh, which is 26.1 per cent of the full space below horticulture cultivation in India.