Vegetable Planting and Transplanting Information

Vegetable Planting and Transplanting Information

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Cabbage

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 5 to six weeks
  • Germination time: 10-12 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/2 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 70-80°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 60-70°F evening: 50-60°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 12-18 inch
  • Days to maturity: 60-110
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Cool-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: No
  • When to plant open air: 4 weeks earlier than final frost***~
  • Harvesting traits: When heads are stable however not but cracking

Cauliflower

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 5 to six weeks
  • Germination time: 10-21 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/4 to 1/2 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 70-80°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 60-70°F evening: 55-60°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 18 inch
  • Days to maturity: 50-72
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Cool-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: No
  • When to plant open air: 4 weeks earlier than final frost~
  • Harvesting traits: when head is compact however earlier than curd opens and turns into “ricey”

Broccoli

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 5 to six weeks
  • Germination time: 10-14 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/4 to 1/2 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 70-80°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 60-70°F evening: 50-60°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 18-24 inch
  • Days to maturity: 50-72
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Cool-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: No
  • When to plant open air: 4 weeks earlier than final frost~
  • Harvesting traits: when buds are tight and head is compact

Brussels Sprouts

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 5 to six weeks
  • Germination time: 7-14 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/4 to 1/2 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 70-80°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 60-70°F evening: 50-60°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 18-24 inch
  • Days to maturity: 90-120
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Cool-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: No
  • When to plant open air: 5 weeks after final frost
  • Harvesting traits: when plump, agency and shiny

Head Lettuce

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 5 to 7 weeks
  • Germination time*: 7-10 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/8 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 65-75°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 60-70°F evening: 60-70°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 12 inch
  • Days to maturity: 40-90
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Cool-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: No
  • When to plant open air: 1-2 weeks earlier than final frost~
  • Harvesting traits: when heads are agency and shiny

Onions

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 9 to 11 weeks
  • Germination time: 10-15 days
  • Seed planting depth: 3/8 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 65-80°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 60-70°F evening: 45-55°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 12 inch
  • Days to maturity: 60-115
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Cool-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: sure
  • When to plant open air: 4 weeks earlier than final frost
  • Harvesting traits: Inexperienced or bunching onion – when desired; bulb onion – when above-ground leaves fall, permit to remedy 1 – 2 days, thinnings can be utilized anytime.

Celery

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 10 to 12 weeks
  • Germination time*: 21 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/8 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 60-70°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 65-75°F evening: 55-65°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 9-12 inch
  • Days to maturity: 110-120
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Cool/warm-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: sure
  • When to plant open air: after final frost
  • Harvesting traits: When outer petioles will be pulled anytime for fast use, absolutely mature when about 3 inches by 21 inches.

Tomatoes

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 5 to 7 weeks
  • Germination time*: 7-10 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/4 to 1/2 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 70-80°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 70-80°F evening: 60-65°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 18-24 inch
  • Days to maturity: 52-90
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Heat-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: Sure
  • When to plant open air: After final frost
  • Harvesting traits: Harvesting traits:when evenly coloured and agency

Peppers

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 6 to eight weeks
  • Germination time*: 10-12 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/4 to 1/2 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 75-85°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 70-80°F evening: 60-70°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 18-24 inch
  • Days to maturity: 55-80
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Heat-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: Sure
  • When to plant open air: After final frost
  • Harvesting traits: When shiny in colour and agency, both ‘inexperienced’ mature or ultimate colour maturity for the sort and maturity.

Eggplant

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 7 to 9 weeks
  • Germination time*: 10-12 days
  • Seed planting depth: 1/4 to 1/2 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 75-90°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 70-80°F evening: 65-70°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 24 inch
  • Days to maturity: 50-75
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Heat-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: Sure
  • When to plant open air: when evening temperatures are above 50°F
  • Harvesting traits: When shiny in colour and of passable dimension for the cultivar and earlier than seeds mature and darken.

Cucumber

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 3 to 4 weeks
  • Germination time*: 7-8 days
  • Seed planting depth: 3/4 to 1 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 75-95°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 70-90°F evening: 60-70°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 12 inch
  • Days to maturity: 48-70
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Heat-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: Sure
  • When to plant open air: 1 week after final frost
  • Harvesting traits: When 3 – 4 inches lengthy for pickling, 6-10 inches for slicing and absolutely inexperienced, yellow fruit ought to be discarded.

Muskmelon

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 3 to 4 weeks
  • Germination time*: 7 days
  • Seed planting depth: 3/4 to 1 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 75-95°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 70-90°F evening: 60-70°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 12 inch
  • Days to maturity: 68-95
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Heat-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: Sure
  • When to plant open air: 1 week after final frost
  • Harvesting traits: When melon begins to detach from stem

Watermelon

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 3 to 4 weeks
  • Germination time*: 6-8 days
  • Seed planting depth: 3/4 to 1 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 75-95°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 70-90°F evening: 60-70°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 18 inch
  • Days to maturity: 68-95
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Heat-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: Sure
  • When to plant open air: 1 week after final frost
  • Harvesting traits: When tendril nearest stem attachment turns brown and shrivels

Summer time Squash

  • Indoor rising time previous to transplanting: 3 to 4 weeks
  • Germination time*: 7-10 days
  • Seed planting depth: 3/4 to 1 inch
  • Temperature vary for optimum germination: 75-95°F
  • Optimum rising temperatures** day: 70-90°F evening: 60-70°F
  • Outside plant spacing: 18 inch
  • Days to maturity: 42-65
  • Cool-Season or Heat-Season Crop: Heat-season
  • Suited to plastic mulch and drip irrigation: Sure
  • When to plant open air: 1 week after final frost
  • Harvesting traits: Zucchini, yellow and different elongate sorts when 5 to eight inches lengthy and pores and skin is tender, pores and skin have to be very tender on patty pan and spherical sorts and be 2 to 4 inches in diameter.

*Depends upon temperature.

** Scale back day temperatures by 5 to 10 levels F when the climate is cloudy.

*** In Pennsylvania the final frost is often between Could 1 and 25.
~Direct seed about the identical time you transplant for fall harvests.

Sources

Holcomb, E.J. (Ed). 1994. Bedding Vegetation IV 4th version. Pennsylvania Flower Growers, Ball Publishing. Batavia, Il.

Maynard, D.N., and Hochmuth, G. 1997. Knott’s Handboof for Vegetable Growers 4th version. John Wiles & Sons. New York, NY.

Nardozzi, C. 1999. Vegetable Gardening for Dummies. IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., Foster Metropolis, CA.

Phillips, R. and Rix, M. 1993. The Random Home Guide of Greens. Random Home Publishers. New York, NY.

Reilly, A. 1990. Taylor’s Pocket Information to Greens, Chanticleer Press Version. Houghton Mifflin Firm. Boston, MA.

Ready by Elsa Sánchez, affiliate professor of horticulture and Pete Ferretti, retired professor of vegetable crops

Source

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