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1-North American Black Bear – Ursus Americanus – color – black, bluish-black, brown, white (Kermode or Spirit bear). The North American Black Bear is the most typical bear in North America starting from the State of Florida north, into Canada and north to Alaska. The black and brown color section of the black bear is frequent. The white color section is extra uncommon occuring in north western British Columbia, Canada. The black bear is omnivorous. Their food regimen is usually vegetable matter. Males attain full measurement at about 8 years of age. Females mate and produce cubs at 5 to 7 years of age, 8 years and older within the boreal forest areas(Ontario). Males weigh as much as 280kg(600 kilos), often rather more. Black bears stay as much as 25 years within the wild. Older bears have been documented, nonetheless nearly all of bears by no means attain previous age as a consequence of human exercise (searching). Credit-two white(Kermode)black bear photos-Charlie Russell, textual content, photos-Mike McIntosh

  

2-Brown Bear – Ursus Arctos – A number of subspecies. The Brown Bear will be present in Alaska, western Canada,and elements of Washington, Montana and Wyoming. Small particular person populations are scattered all through elements of Europe and Asia. Russia has a wholesome inhabitants of brown bears at the moment. Brown bears vary in color from nearly black, brown to very mild brown or blonde. Measurement varies tremendously relying on geographic location and normal meals availability. The most important bears, the “Large Browns” exist alongside the coast of Alaska and Russia rising to very massive sizes rivaling that of the Polar Bear. The inside bears of the North American Rocky Mountains (Grizzly Bear) and the mountains of Europe are typically a lot smaller. The actually large bears (1500pounds/700kg and larger) at the moment are very uncommon.Credit score -text- Mike McIntosh, images of brown bears – Charlie Russell-www.cloudline.ca .

3-Polar Bear – Ursus Maritimus Polar bears are among the many largest bears on the planet. Grownup males might attain 800 kilograms (kg) or 1760 kilos (lbs). In Ontario, the most important male bear recorded from “stay seize” analysis research weighed 654 kg (1439 lbs). The typical weight of male polar bears in Ontario is about 500 kg (1100 lbs). Grownup feminine bears are smaller and common round 300 kg (660 lbs); their peak weights don’t normally exceed 400 kg (880 lbs). Credit score -text- Ontario Ministry of Pure Sources. polar bear images – Roy de Haas/Agami.nl

4-Asiatic black bear, Himalayan black bear, moon bear –Ursus thibetanus Asiatic black bears have lengthy black fur with a definite white patch on the chest that’s usually crescent-shaped. The fur across the shoulders and throat is especially lengthy, and their ears are comparatively massive. Asiatic black bears stay in japanese Asia, together with Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Japan, Democratic Individuals’s Republic of Korea, Lao Individuals’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Taiwan and Vietnam. Asiatic black bears are extra carnivorous than their American counterparts, though solely a small a part of their food regimen is made up of meat. This contains small mammals, birds, fish, molluscs and carcasses. Additionally they feed on grasses, fruits, berries, seeds, bugs and honey. In autumn they fatten up for the winter by feeding on nuts. In northern climates they hibernate. In southern climates they don’t hibernate. Credit score -text- BBC Science and Nature. Pictures courtesy of Wildlife S.O.S.

5-Andean Bear or Spectacled Bear – Tremarctos ornatus Most scientists consult with spectacled bears as Andean bears (they’re discovered solely within the Andes mountains in South America). The bears are an endangered species, listed as Susceptible, and it’s unlawful to kill them. The Andean bear is the final remaining short-faced bear (subfamily Tremarctinae) and the closest residing relative to the Florida spectacled bear and short-faced bears of the Center Pleistocene to Late Pleistocene age. Spectacled bears are the one surviving species of bear native to South America, and the one surviving member of the subfamily Tremarctinae. The Spectacled Bear is technically the most important land carnivore on that continent, though as little as 5% of its food regimen consists of meat. South America’s largest obligate carnivore is the jaguar. Amongst South America’s extant, place of origin animals, solely the Baird’s and South American Tapirs are heavier than this species. The Spectacled bear is a mid-sized species of bear. Total its fur is blackish in shade, although bears might range from jet black to darkish brown and to even a reddish hue. The species sometimes has distinctive beige-coloured marking throughout its face and higher chest, although not all Spectacled bears have “spectacle” markings. The sample and extent of pale markings are barely totally different on every particular person bear and bears will be readily distinguished by this. Males are a 3rd bigger than females in dimensions and generally twice their weight. Males can weigh 100 – 200 kilograms (220 – 440 lb), and females 35 –82 kilograms (77 – 181 lb). Size can vary from 120 to 200 cm (47–79 in), with a tail size of a mere 7 cm (2.8 in), and shoulder peak from 60 to 90 cm (24–30 in). In comparison with different residing bears, this species has a extra rounded face with a comparatively brief and broad snout. In some extinct species of the Tremarctinae subfamily, this facial construction has been considered an adaptation to a largely carnivorous food regimen, regardless of the fashionable Spectacled bears’ herbivorous dietary preferences. Credit score -text- Wikipedia. Picture credits-files from the Wikimedia Commons.

6-Panda Bear – Ailuropoda melanoleuca Size: 5 ft (1.5m) (with a 6 inch(.2m)tail). Weight: Round 250 lbs (113 kg) (males); round 220 lbs (100 kg) (females). The large panda is a uncommon, endangered and elusive bear. Science used to consider that the large panda was a member of the raccoon household. With DNA analyses science proved itself incorrect. The large panda and the purple panda are usually not associated. Big pandas are well-known for his or her love of bamboo, a food regimen so nutritionally poor that the pandas should eat as much as 20kg every day. The additional digit on the panda’s hand helps them to tear the bamboo and their intestine is roofed with a thick layer of mucus to guard in opposition to splinters. Habitat loss is the best reason behind the large panda’s decline, and in the present day their vary is restricted to 6 separate mountain ranges in western China. An enormous panda is born pink, hairless, blind and 1/900th the dimensions of its mom. In contrast to different bears, large pandas don’t hibernate. Within the winter, they transfer to decrease elevations to maintain heat, whereas touring to increased elevations in the summertime to remain cool. They are often energetic at any time of the day or night time. Credit- text- numerous sources. Picture credits-www.amazing-world-in-free-stock-pictures-and-photos.com.

 
7-Sloth bear–Melursus (Ursus) ursinus -Two subspecies: Sri Lankan Sloth Bear and Indian Sloth Bear. Physique size: 140-190cm, Weight: male: 80-140kg, feminine: 55-95kg. These shaggy-haired bears will be heard sucking up termites a protracted distance away. Sloth bears are stocky with lengthy, shaggy, black hair and a white U- or Y-shaped marking on the chest. They’ve massive lips, a protracted tongue, a pale muzzle and well-developed hook-like claws that allow them to climb bushes and dig for termites. Sloth bears stay in Sri Lanka, India, Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh. Sloth bears are nocturnal and occupy residence ranges that they appear pleased to share with different sloth bears. Male sloth bears have a median vary of 13 sq. km. That is a lot smaller than most different bears, most likely as a consequence of the truth that they don’t undergo from seasonal fluctuations of meals provide (ants and termites can be found all 12 months spherical). The fixed availability of ants and termites additionally imply that they don’t must endure a winter sleep. Credit score -text- BBC Science and Nature. Picture credit – Pictures on left(2) of Sri Lankan Sloth Bears by photographer Cai Priestley – www.toothandclawphotography.com. Pictures on proper(2) – Indian Sloth Bear – courtesy of Wildlife S.O.S.

8-Solar Bear – Ursus malayanus –Physique size: 120-150cm, Weight: feminine 27-50kg, male 27-65kg. They’re the smallest species of bear. Solar bears have brief black/darkish brown water-repellent fur, with a yellow crescent on their chest. They’ve sturdy paws with bare soles and lengthy sickle-shaped claws. They’ve versatile snouts and really lengthy tongues, that are an adaptation for extracting termites from nests. Comparatively(to their measurement), they’ve the most important canines of all of the bear species. Canine enamel are specialised for tearing meat, however solar bears are usually not significantly carnivorous. They might use their sharp canines as weapons or as instruments for tearing at bushes to get at bugs. Solar bears stay in south east Asia: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. Credit score -text- BBC Science and Nature. Photographic credit score – Bornean Solar Bear Conservation Centre (BSBCC).

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