Nutritious and Nonnutritious Meals Definitions

Nutritious and Nonnutritious Meals Definitions

February 21, 2003




By: Lawrence Ok. Furbish, Director

You requested for attainable definitions of nutritious, or non-nutritious, meals that might be utilized in a invoice to limit the sale of things in class merchandising machines to wholesome merchandise.

Whereas we didn’t discover a single, simple, clear definition that might be straight tailored on your use, we did discover a number of descriptions of wholesome, or unhealthy, meals objects that would meet your wants.

Federal rules governing college breakfast and lunch packages outline “meals of minimal dietary worth” (7 CFR 210.11). For artificially sweetened meals, it’s meals that gives lower than 5% of the Reference Every day Intakes (RDI) per serving for eight particular vitamins. For all different meals it’s meals that gives lower than 5% of the eight vitamins per 100 energy and per serving. The eight vitamins are protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, calcium, and iron. The definition covers soda water; water ices not containing fruit juices; chewing gum; and sure candies, together with arduous sweet, jellies and gums, marshmallow candies, licorice, spun sweet, and candy-coated popcorn.

The issue with this definition is that it excludes many issues which are generally considered unhealthy, equivalent to chips and sweet bars. (Connecticut State Board of Training rules already prohibit promoting meals of minimal dietary worth, as outlined in federal rules, throughout breakfast and lunch durations (CT State Laws § 10-215d-1).

A Kentucky invoice that didn’t move final yr expanded on this definition and would have prohibited the sale any time through the college day of (1) chewing gum, soda waters, and water ices, as outlined within the federal regulation cited above; (2) “sweet” outlined as any merchandise containing greater than 40% added sugar by weight; (3) any juice or juice product containing lower than 35% actual juice; and (4) another objects, besides seeds and nuts, containing greater than eight grams of fats per serving (SB 157 (2002)).

California handed a legislation regulating “junk meals” in elementary and center colleges in 2001, but it surely doesn’t take impact till January 1, 2004, after which provided that funds are appropriated to supply college districts with help and technical help (Senate Invoice 19, Chapter 913, 2001). The legislation limits the meals that could be offered in elementary colleges throughout breakfast and lunch durations to full meals and particular person meals objects assembly its requirements. All meals offered throughout morning and afternoon snack breaks should meet the requirements. The requirements for particular person meals objects are:

1. aside from seeds and nuts, no more than 35% of its energy may be from fats;

2. no more than 10% of its energy may be from saturated fats; and

3. no more than 35% of its whole weight may be sugar.

These provisions don’t apply to the sale of fruit and veggies.

The California legislation goes on to say that, whatever the time of day, the one drinks that could be offered to elementary colleges pupils are water, milk, 100% fruit juices, and fruit-based drinks containing a minimum of 50% juice and no added sweeteners. In center colleges, carbonated drinks can’t be offered from one half hour earlier than the start of the varsity day till after the final lunch interval, and any merchandising machines containing merchandise that don’t meet the requirements have to be locked or inoperable till the top of the final lunch interval. Sale of meals objects for fundraising functions in an elementary college that don’t meet the requirements are permitted if the sale takes place off college premises or at the least one half hour after the top of the varsity day.

Lastly, on a website for American Child, we discovered a web page on wholesome merchandising machines (the supply is seemingly an American Academy of Pediatrics ebook entitled Information to Your Little ones Vitamin). It’s a checklist of

issues to purchase from a merchandising machine and issues to not purchase. It may maybe be integrated into some kind of definition as examples with added language equivalent to “different comparable objects.”

Desk 1: Wholesome Merchandising Machine Selections



Potato chips

Baked tortilla chips

Artificially flavored and coloured corn and cheese snacks


Sweet bars

Granola bars, path combine

Sweetened, fruit-flavored roll-ups

Dried or contemporary fruit

Fruit-flavored drinks with added sugar, soda pop

Water, unsweetened fruit juice

Complete milk, full-fat yogurt

Skim or low-fat milk, low-fat yogurt, sherbet

Ice Cream

Italian ice, pure fruit juice pops, frozen yogurt

Cream-filled sandwich cookies, chocolate-chip cookies

Fig-bar cookies, graham crackers



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