Health, Fitness, and Nutrition – Vocabulary List :

  • abnormal

    not typical or usual or regular

  • abstinence

    the trait of refraining from something, especially alcohol

  • accessible

    capable of being reached

  • accuracy

    the quality of being near to the true value

  • ache

    a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain

  • achievement

    the action of accomplishing something

  • active

    characterized by energetic movement

  • activity

    any specific behavior

  • acupuncture

    treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin

  • addictive

    causing or characterized by addiction

  • adulthood

    the period of time in life after physical growth has stopped

  • advocate

    a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

  • aerobics

    exercise that increases the need for oxygen

  • affect

    have an influence upon

  • AIDS

    a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles

  • alarm

    a device signaling the occurrence of some undesirable event

  • alcohol

    a volatile compound made by distillation

  • allergy

    hypersensitive immunological reaction to some substance

  • ambulatory

    able to walk about

  • anemia

    a deficiency of red blood cells

  • anorexia

    a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite

  • appetite

    a feeling of craving something

  • antidote

    a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison

  • anxiety

    a vague unpleasant emotion in anticipation of a misfortune

  • athlete

    a person trained to compete in sports

  • athletics

    active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition

  • authentic

    not counterfeit or copied

  • average

    an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual

  • bacteria

    single-celled organisms that can cause disease

  • balance

    harmonious arrangement or relation of parts within a whole

  • beauty

    the qualities that give pleasure to the senses

  • behavior

    the way a person acts toward other people

  • bend

    form a curve

  • benefit

    something that aids or promotes well-being

  • blood

    the fluid that is pumped through the body by the heart

  • blood pressure

    the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person’s health

  • body

    an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass

  • bones

    a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance

  • booze

    an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented

  • breath

    the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing

  • breathe

    draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs

  • calcium

    a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light

  • calorie

    unit of heat raising 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade

  • cardiac

    of or relating to the heart

  • cereal

    grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat

  • challenge

    a call to engage in a contest or fight

  • champion

    someone who has won first place in a competition

  • change

    become different in some particular way

  • choice

    the act of selecting

  • circulation

    the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels

  • clean

    free from dirt or impurities

  • coach

    a vehicle carrying many passengers

  • collapse

    break down, literally or metaphorically

  • commitment

    the act of binding yourself to a course of action

  • communication

    the activity of conveying information

  • competition

    the act of contending with others for rewards or resources

  • component

    one of the individual parts making up a larger entity

  • conditioning

    a learning process in which an organism’s behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment

  • consequence

    a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

  • contribute


  • control

    power to direct or determine

  • coordination

    regulation of diverse elements into a harmonious operation

  • cope

    come to terms with

  • courage

    a quality of spirit that enables you to face danger or pain

  • crime

    an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act

  • crisp

    tender and brittle

  • crouch

    the act of bending low with the limbs close to the body

  • cuisine

    the manner of preparing food or the food so prepared

  • culinary

    of or relating to or used in cooking

  • cure

    a medicine or therapy that treats disease or relieves pain

  • dangerous

    involving or causing risk; liable to hurt or harm

  • dating

    use of chemical analysis to estimate the age of geological specimens

  • deadly

    causing or capable of causing death

  • decision

    a position or opinion reached after consideration

  • defect

    a failing or deficiency

  • dehydration

    the process of extracting moisture

  • depression

    a sunken or lowered geological formation

  • development

    a process in which something passes to a different stage

  • diagnostic

    concerned with identifying the nature or cause of something

  • diet

    the usual food and drink consumed by an organism

  • diner

    a person eating a meal (especially in a restaurant)

  • dinner

    the main meal of the day served in the evening or at midday

  • disability

    when one cannot perform due to physical or mental unfitness

  • disease

    an impairment of health

  • dish

    a piece of dishware normally used as a container for holding or serving food

  • discipline

    a system of rules of conduct or method of practice

  • disorder

    a condition in which things are not in their expected places

  • doctor

    a person who holds Ph.D. degree from an academic institution

  • drive

    operate or control a vehicle

  • drinking

    the act of consuming liquids

  • drug

    a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic

  • eatery

    a place where people go to have a meal

  • eating

    the act of consuming food

  • education

    activities that impart knowledge or skill

  • effect

    a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

  • emerging

    coming into existence

  • emotional

    of or pertaining to feelings

  • endurance

    a state of surviving; remaining alive

  • energy

    forceful exertion

  • enforce

    compel to behave in a certain way

  • epidemic

    a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

  • equipment

    an instrumentality needed for an undertaking

  • erect

    upright in position or posture

  • establish

    set up or found

  • excess

    the state of being more than full

  • exercise

    the activity of exerting muscles to keep fit

  • exemplary

    worthy of imitation

  • experience

    the content of observation or participation in an event

  • factor

    anything that contributes causally to a result

  • false

    not in accordance with the fact or reality or actuality

  • family

    primary social group; parents and children

  • fast food

    inexpensive food prepared and served quickly

  • ferment

    cause to undergo the breakdown of sugar into alcohol

  • fit

    meeting adequate standards for a purpose

  • flavor

    the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth

  • flex

    cause something to assume a bent or crooked shape

  • flexible

    able to bend easily

  • folic acid

    a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction

  • fracture

    breaking of hard tissue such as bone

  • fragrance

    a pleasingly sweet olfactory property

  • fragrant


  • framework

    the underlying structure

  • freedom

    the condition of being free

  • frenzy

    state of violent mental agitation

  • friend

    a person you know well and regard with affection and trust

  • fruit

    the ripened reproductive body of a seed plant

  • function

    what something is used for

  • gain


  • generation

    group of genetically related organisms in a line of descent

  • genetics

    the study of heredity and variation in organisms

  • gland

    a small organ that synthesizes and secretes chemicals

  • goal

    the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve

  • grayness

    a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black

  • grip

    hold fast or firmly

  • growth

    changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level

  • guideline

    a rule that provides direction for appropriate behavior

  • gymnasium

    athletic facility equipped for sports or physical training

  • habit

    an established custom

  • handle

    touch, lift, or hold

  • harmful

    causing or capable of causing damage

  • headache

    pain in the head

  • health

    the general condition of body and mind

  • healthy

    free from infirmity or disease

  • helpful

    providing assistance or serving a useful function

  • herb

    a plant lacking a permanent woody stem

  • high blood pressure

    a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)

  • HIV

    the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome

  • homemade

    made or produced in the home or by yourself

  • hone

    sharpen with a whetstone

  • hormone

    the secretion of an endocrine gland transmitted by the blood

  • hungry

    feeling a need or desire to eat food

  • hygiene

    a condition promoting sanitary practices

  • hygienic

    tending to promote or preserve health

  • image

    a visual representation produced on a surface

  • immunity

    the condition in which an organism can resist disease

  • immunization

    the act of making immune (especially by inoculation)

  • impact

    the striking of one body against another

  • improve

    to make better

  • improvement

    the act of making something better

  • inactivity

    the state of being inactive

  • increase

    a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous

  • individual

    being or characteristic of a single thing or person

  • infancy

    the early stage of growth or development

  • infection

    the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms

  • infirm

    lacking bodily or muscular strength or vitality

  • influence

    a power to affect persons or events

  • influenza

    an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease

  • inherent

    existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

  • ingredient

    a component of a mixture or compound

  • injury

    physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident

  • innovate

    bring something new to an environment

  • insurance

    protection against future loss

  • integrity

    an undivided or unbroken completeness with nothing wanting

  • intimacy

    a feeling of being close and belonging together

  • iron

    a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element

  • insulin

    hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas

  • interpretation

    the act of expressing something in an artistic performance

  • involuntary

    not subject to the control of the will

  • jargon

    technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject

  • joint

    junction by which parts or objects are linked together

  • jog

    give a slight push to

  • judge

    an official authorized to decide questions before a court

  • jump

    move forward by leaps and bounds

  • kinesis

    a movement that is a response to a stimulus

  • kinesiology

    the study of the mechanics and anatomy of human movement

  • kinesthesia

    the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc

  • kinetic

    relating to the motion of material bodies and their forces

  • launch

    propel with force

  • laziness

    inactivity resulting from a dislike of work or exertion

  • learning

    the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge

  • liability

    the state of being legally obliged and responsible

  • lifestyle

    a manner of living that reflects one’s values and attitudes

  • limit

    as far as something can go

  • living

    pertaining to living persons

  • lose

    fail to keep or to maintain

  • lose

    fail to keep or to maintain

  • loss

    the act of losing someone or something

  • lumbar

    of or relating to or near the part of the back between the ribs and the hipbones

  • management

    the act of controlling something

  • manager

    someone who controls resources and expenditures

  • maneuver

    a military training exercise

  • margin

    the boundary line or area immediately inside the boundary

  • massage

    kneading and rubbing parts of the body

  • masseur

    a male massager

  • mat

    a small pad of material that is used to protect a surface

  • maximize

    make as big or large as possible

  • measure

    determine the dimensions of something or somebody

  • medical

    relating to the study or practice of medicine

  • medicine

    the profession devoted to alleviating diseases and injuries

  • medication

    something that treats or prevents the symptoms of disease

  • memory

    the cognitive process whereby past experience is remembered

  • mental health

    the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment

  • metabolic

    of or relating to metabolism

  • method

    a way of doing something, especially a systematic way

  • minimize

    make small or insignificant

  • miss

    fail to perceive or to catch with the senses or the mind

  • mixture

    a collection containing a variety of sorts of things

  • moisture

    wetness caused by water

  • monitor

    someone who observes to ensure fairness or prevent mistakes

  • mood

    a characteristic state of feeling

  • motivate

    give an incentive for action

  • motivation

    psychological feature arousing action toward a desired goal

  • movement

    change of position that does not entail a change of location

  • muscle

    animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells

  • muscular

    having a robust body-build

  • nauseous

    causing a sick feeling

  • nemesis

    a personal foe or rival that cannot be easily defeated

  • nicotine

    an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco

  • nurse

    one skilled in caring for young children or the sick

  • nutrient

    any substance that can be metabolized to give energy

  • nutrition

    the organic process of nourishing or being nourished

  • obesity

    the condition of being excessively overweight

  • obstacle

    something that stands in the way and must be surmounted

  • offensive

    unpleasant or disgusting especially to the senses

  • olfactory

    of or relating to the sense of smell

  • opportunity

    a possibility from a favorable combination of circumstances

  • opt

    select as an alternative over another

  • optimism

    the hopeful feeling that all is going to turn out well

  • option

    one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen

  • ossification

    the developmental process of bone formation

  • outbreak

    a sudden occurrence or increase of something undesirable

  • outstanding

    of major significance or importance

  • override

    travel on the back of (a horse) too hard

  • overweight

    usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large frame to carry it

  • panacea

    hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

  • panic

    an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety

  • paraffin

    from crude petroleum

  • participation

    the act of sharing in the activities of a group

  • peer

    look searchingly

  • percentage

    a proportion in relation to a whole

  • performance

    the act of doing something successfully

  • perspiration

    salty fluid secreted by sweat glands

  • pessimism

    a general disposition to expect the worst in all things

  • petrify

    change into stone

  • pharmacy

    a retail shop where medications are sold

  • physiotherapy

    therapy that uses physical agents: exercise and massage and other modalities

  • Pilate

    the Roman procurator of Judea who ordered that Jesus be crucified (died in AD 36)

  • play

    engage in recreational activities rather than work

  • pollution

    contamination of the natural environment

  • popularity

    the quality of being widely admired or sought after

  • portion

    something determined in relation to a thing that includes it

  • positioning

    the act of putting something in a certain place

  • positive

    characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance

  • possibility

    capability of existing or happening or being true

  • potent

    having or wielding force or authority

  • power

    possession of the qualities required to do something

  • power play

    an aggressive attempt to compel acquiescence by the concentration or manipulation of power

  • practice

    a customary way of operation or behavior

  • pregnancy

    the state of being pregnant

  • prenatal

    occurring or existing before birth

  • preserve

    keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

  • pressure

    the exertion of force to a surface

  • prevention

    the act of hindering

  • process

    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

  • professional

    of or relating to or suitable as an occupation

  • program

    a series of steps to be carried out

  • promising

    likely to have a successful outcome or positive results

  • proof

    any evidence that helps to establish the truth of something

  • proportion

    relation with respect to comparative quantity or magnitude

  • protect

    shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage

  • protection

    the activity of shielding someone or something

  • prowess

    a superior skill learned by study and practice

  • psychology

    the science of mental life

  • pulley

    a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run

  • puncture

    pierce with a pointed object; make a hole into

  • pyramid

    a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides

  • quad

    a rectangular area surrounded on all sides by buildings

  • quick

    moving rapidly and lightly

  • quiver

    shake with fast, tremulous movements

  • radiation

    the act of spreading outward from a central source

  • rebound

    spring back; spring away from an impact

  • recognition

    identifying something or someone by remembering

  • record

    anything providing permanent evidence about past events

  • recovery

    return to an original state

  • recreation

    an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates

  • regimen

    a systematic plan for therapy

  • rehabilitation

    treatment of physical disabilities by massage and exercises

  • relationship

    a mutual connection between people

  • relaxation

    freedom from activity

  • representative

    serving to typify

  • research

    a seeking for knowledge

  • reserve

    hold back or set aside, especially for future use

  • resilient

    recovering readily from adversity, depression, or the like

  • resistance

    any mechanical force that tends to slow or oppose motion

  • respiration

    a single complete act of breathing in and out

  • response

    the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange

  • responsibility

    the social force that binds you to a course of action

  • restoration

    returning something or someone to a satisfactory state

  • risk

    a source of danger

  • rivalry

    the act of competing as for profit or a prize

  • role

    the actions and activities assigned to a person or group

  • routine

    an unvarying or habitual method or procedure

  • rush

    act or move at high speed

  • safety

    being certain that adverse effects will not be caused

  • sanitary

    free from filth and pathogens

  • sauce

    flavorful relish or dressing or topping served as an accompaniment to food

  • savvy

    marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

  • scare

    cause fear in

  • scenario

    a postulated sequence of possible events

  • scoreboard

    a large board for displaying the score of a contest

  • scoring

    evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score

  • senile

    mentally or physically infirm with age

  • sensible

    able to feel or perceive

  • sex

    one of two categories into which most organisms are divided

  • shape up

    develop in a positive way

  • shot

    the act of firing a projectile

  • sibling

    a person’s brother or sister

  • signal

    any action or gesture that encodes a message

  • size

    the physical magnitude of something (how big it is)

  • sizzle

    make a sound like frying fat

  • skill

    an ability that has been acquired by training

  • skin

    a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch

  • sleep

    a natural and periodic state of rest

  • slide

    move smoothly along a surface

  • smog

    air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog

  • smoking

    the act of smoking tobacco or other substances

  • smorgasbord

    a collection containing a variety of sorts of things

  • solo

    any activity that is performed alone without assistance

  • specialty

    an asset of special worth or utility

  • speculation

    continuous contemplation on a subject of a deep nature

  • speed

    a rate at which something happens

  • spice

    any of a variety of pungent aromatic vegetable substances used for flavoring food

  • spicy

    having an agreeably pungent taste

  • spirit

    the vital principle or animating force within living things

  • sportsmanship

    fairness and courtesy in following the rules of a game

  • spring

    move forward by leaps and bounds

  • squad

    the smallest army unit

  • squat

    sit on one’s heels

  • STD

    a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact

  • stability

    the quality or attribute of being firm and steadfast

  • stamina

    enduring strength and energy

  • staple

    material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing

  • starve

    die of food deprivation

  • starving

    suffering from lack of food

  • statistics

    a branch of mathematics concerned with quantitative data

  • stimulate

    cause to act in a specified manner

  • strategy

    an elaborate and systematic plan of action

  • streak

    a narrow marking of a different color from the background

  • strength

    the property of being physically or mentally powerful

  • stress

    special emphasis attached to something

  • stretching

    exercise designed to extend the limbs and muscles to their full extent

  • stride

    walk with long steps

  • strong

    having strength or power greater than average or expected

  • struggle

    strenuous effort

  • substance

    the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists

  • suitability

    the quality of having the properties that are right for a specific purpose

  • superstition

    an irrational belief arising from ignorance or fear

  • supination

    rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward

  • support

    the act of bearing the weight of or strengthening

  • supremacy

    power to dominate or defeat

  • suspension

    the act of hanging something from above so it moves freely

  • swimming

    the act of swimming

  • symptom

    a sensation associated with a particular disease

  • system

    a group of independent elements comprising a unified whole

  • tackle

    seize and throw down an opponent player carrying the ball

  • taunting

    abusing vocally; expressing contempt or ridicule

  • team

    a cooperative unit

  • teammate

    a fellow member of a team

  • teasing

    the act of harassing someone playfully or maliciously

  • technical

    of or relating to aptitude in a practical skill

  • technique

    a practical method or art applied to some particular task

  • temptation

    the act of influencing by exciting hope or desire

  • tension

    the action of stretching something tight

  • terror

    an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety

  • testing

    experimentation to determine how well something works

  • therapeutic

    tending to cure or restore to health

  • therapy

    the act of providing treatment for an illness or disorder

  • time out

    a pause from doing something (as work)

  • timing

    the regulation of occurrence, pace, or coordination to achieve a desired effect (as in music, theater, athletics, mechanics)

  • tobacco

    aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs

  • tone

    the distinctive property of a complex sound

  • torso

    the body excluding the head and neck and limbs

  • tournament

    a competition in which contestants play a series of games

  • trainer

    one who trains other persons or animals

  • training

    activity leading to skilled behavior

  • transformation

    the act of changing in form or shape or appearance

  • transplant

    transfer from one place or period to another

  • trauma

    an emotional wound or shock having long-lasting effects

  • treatment

    the management of someone or something

  • tremor

    an involuntary vibration, as if from illness or fear

  • trend

    a general tendency to change, as of opinion

  • trot

    ride at a gait faster than a walk

  • ultrasound

    using high-frequency sound waves to construct a sonogram

  • unhealthy

    not in or exhibiting good health in body or mind

  • unusual

    not common or ordinary

  • unbelievable

    beyond understanding

  • unrestricted

    not subject to or subjected to limiting

  • vaccination

    taking a substance, usually by injection, against a disease

  • valiant

    having or showing heroism or courage

  • valor

    courage when facing danger

  • vault

    a burial chamber (usually underground)

  • vegetable

    any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower

  • vibration

    a shaky motion

  • victory

    a successful ending of a struggle or contest

  • violation

    an act that disregards an agreement or a right

  • virus

    infectious agent that replicates itself within living hosts

  • vitamin

    an organic substance essential to normal metabolism

  • voluntary

    of your own free will or design

  • vulnerable

    capable of being wounded or hurt

  • waive

    do without or cease to hold or adhere to

  • walking

    the act of traveling by foot

  • warm up

    rise in temperature

  • watchful

    engaged in or accustomed to close observation

  • weigh

    have a certain heft

  • weight

    the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity

  • weight

    the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity

  • win

    a victory (as in a race or other competition)

  • wince

    draw back, as with fear or pain

  • winless

    having no wins

  • winning

    succeeding with great difficulty

  • wisdom

    accumulated knowledge or erudition or enlightenment

  • witness

    someone who sees an event and reports what happened

  • work

    activity directed toward making or doing something

  • work out

    find the solution to or understand the meaning of

  • x-ray

    take a photograph with a stream of high-energy photons

  • yoga

    discipline training the consciousness for spiritual insight

  • yard

    enclosed land around a house or other building

  • zeal

    a feeling of strong eagerness

  • zest

    a tart spicy quality

  • zinc

    a bluish-white lustrous metallic element

  • zone

    an area or region distinguished from adjacent parts

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