Diabetes – Symptoms And Causes
Diabetes is a condition in which your blood glucose, often known as blood sugar, is abnormally high. Your main source of energy is blood glucose.
The insulin – hormone moves sugar from the blood to cells where it is stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either does not produce enough insulin or can’t use the insulin it makes efficiently, while in type 2 diabetes the insulin production is limited and the body’s response is reduced to this insulin.
People with diabetes have high blood sugar because their bodies cannot transfer sugar from their blood to muscles and fat cells for burning or conserving energy and/or because their liver produces too much glucose and releases it into the blood. There are other causes of diabetes and some people can neither be classified as type 1 or 2.
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy in a woman who does not yet have diabetes, at any time during pregnancy, when blood glucose levels are high during pregnancy, and hormone changes during pregnancy also affect insulin action, resulting in higher blood glucose levels.
Over time, excess blood sugar gradually poisons the pancreas, causing it to produce less insulin and making blood sugar even harder to control. In type 1 diabetes the pancreas makes little or no insulin so that sugar cannot get into the cells of the body to be used for energy.
People with type 1 diabetes need insulin injections to control their blood sugar levels. Controlling blood sugar is especially important for young people because this disease can damage vital organs such as the heart and kidneys.
In infants and young children, the first sign of type 1 diabetes can be a yeast infection causing a severe diaper rash that is much worse than the usual red, swollen and painful rash. Symptoms may seem vague but may include neuropathy (nervous tingling) and blurred vision.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks the body’s infection-fighting system in the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the body, also known as blood sugar. Diabetes is a lifelong illness that causes blood sugar levels to be too high.
Both heredity (genetic factors) and lifestyle factors (such as being overweight or obese) can affect a person’s chances of developing type 2 diabetes more easily. Due to the slow development of type 2 diabetes, some people with high blood sugar have no symptoms.
Prediabetes / Borderline Diabetes Occasionally, your doctor will suspect that you have diabetes if your blood sugar is over 200 mg / dL (11.1 mmol / L). Normal blood sugar levels are between 70 and 99 mg/dl, while a person with diabetes has fasting blood glucose levels above 126 mg/dl. Prediabetes means that your blood sugar is higher than normal.
Diabetes complications often develop slowly, but if left untreated, they can reduce symptoms and help prevent further damage. But untreated can cause serious health problems, including diabetic ketoacidosis, which can lead to a life-threatening coma.
In addition, patients with well-controlled diabetes must have their blood glucose checked regularly; take medications inside; and sometimes inject insulin through a pen, pump, or needle. For example, if they become sick if they decide to change their diet if they use a blood glucose sensor several times a day and feel good.
This type of system takes us one step closer to completing the cycle and creating an artificial pancreas that determines the need for insulin depending on the level of glucose and the needs of the body and releases insulin accordingly – the ultimate goal – if you take oral medications, your doctor may change your treatment plan to include insulin injections.
While diabetes risk factors, such as family history, can’t be changed, there are other risk factors that you can control such as if you had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy, if you gave birth to a very large baby, or if you had a stillbirth for unknown reasons. For unclear reasons, African American Indian or Asian women are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.
Some women who had diabetes before conception carry it during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is expected to disappear after childbirth, but it significantly increases the risk of developing diabetes in the future.
As the prevalence of type 2 diabetes remains important, oral diabetes medications such as metformin (Glumetza, Fortamet, others) can be avoided through lifestyle changes, including moderate weight loss through a healthy diet and regular exercise, and in addition, studies have shown that certain oral antidiabetic drugs may play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes.
Think of a prediabetes diagnosis as an opportunity to prevent progression to type 2 and as a good reason to keep up with regular check-ups and doctor visits to make sure your doctor doesn’t miss this early stage and only later discover your full-blown diabetes if you have symptoms.
Type1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes, is a chronic illness in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows sugar (glucose) into cells for energy production.
Despite ongoing research, there is no treatment for type 1 diabetes. To avoid complications, treatment emphasises on controlling blood sugar levels with insulin, food, and lifestyle changes.
symptoms of type 1 diabetes
Urination on a regular basis
Extreme hunger in youngsters who previously did not wet the bed during the night
Weight loss that was unintentional
Irritability as well as other mood swings
Weakness and exhaustion
Vision is hazy
type of diabetes : The most common diabetes are; type 1, type 2, pre-diabetes, and gestational.
This (die-uh-BEE-teze in-SIP-uh-dus) is a rare illness in which the body’s fluid equilibrium is disrupted. You create a lot of urine as a result of this imbalance. Even if you have anything to drink, it makes you thirsty.
A brain tumour that affects the hypothalamus or pituitary gland is one of the three most common causes of cranial insipidus. a serious head injury that causes damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland problems that arise as a result of brain or pituitary surgery.
signs of diabetes
Urinate (pee) frequently, especially at night.
Are extremely thirsty.
Lose weight without putting up any effort.
Are quite hungry.
Your vision is hazy.
Hands or feet are numb or tingling.
My skin is really dry.
type2 diabetes symptoms
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the body’s ability to control and utilise sugar (glucose) as a fuel is impaired. Too much sugar circulates in the bloodstream as a result of this long-term (chronic) disease. High blood sugar levels can eventually cause problems with the circulatory, neurological, and immunological systems.
There are basically two connected problems at work in type 2 diabetes. Your pancreas does not create enough insulin, a hormone that controls the transport of sugar into your cells, and your cells do not respond well to insulin, resulting in decreased sugar intake.
Type 2 diabetes has no cure, but decreasing weight, eating healthily, and exercising can help you manage it. If diet and exercise aren’t adequate to control your blood sugar, diabetes medicines or insulin therapy may be required.
Diabetes diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes (gestation). Gestational diabetes, like other types of diabetes, affects how your cells use sugar (glucose). High blood sugar levels caused by gestational diabetes can harm your pregnancy and your baby’s health.
Type 1 diabetes is assumed to be caused by a mix of genetic predisposition and environmental factors, however the exact nature of those variables is unknown. Weight isn’t thought to play a role in type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Although being overweight is significantly connected to the development of type 2 diabetes, not everyone who has the disease is obese.
Blood tests that monitor blood glucose (sugar) levels are the only way to find out if you or a loved one has diabetes.
blood glucose level
Normal blood sugar levels are lower than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L). After two hours, a blood sugar level of more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) indicates diabetes. Prediabetes is defined as a blood sugar level of 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 to 11.0 mmol/L).
Insulin is still the mainstay of treatment for type 1 diabetic patients. Insulin is also an important therapy for type 2 diabetes when diet, weight loss, exercise, and oral drugs fail to regulate blood glucose levels.
complications of diabetes
Cardiovascular disease,Nerve damage (neuropathy),Kidney damage (nephropathy),Retinopathy,Foot damage,Skin conditions,Impaired hearing,Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia.