This infographic has been created to show the symptoms and risk factors for breast cancer. This is a malignant tumor that forms in the tissues of the breast. It is any disease that originates from the cells of the breast tissue. The most common symptoms of this disorder include changes in size, shape, lumps, tenderness and/or pain in one or both breasts.
This is the most common form of cancer among women. That’s why it’s important to know the signs and symptoms that can help detect cancer in its early stages, when treatment has a higher chance of being successful. Non-specific symptoms While non-specific symptoms do not directly indicate breast cancer, they are worth noting because they could be related to the disease.
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States. It has become one of the most dreaded diseases for women because of its low survival rate and high incidence rate. This post is written to help you identify some of the earliest signs of cancer so that you can quickly get it treated before it becomes untreatable.
The importance of early detection cannot be stressed enough. The earlier cancer is detected, the higher the chances that it can be treated successfully. However, early diagnosis can be difficult since developing cancer does not always present obvious signs.
What are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer
The most common cancer in women. It can affect women of any age, race or ethnicity. Although cancer is not usually thought of as a young woman’s disease, 2 out of 3 women diagnosed with cancer are 50 years old or younger. There are several different types of breast cancers based on how the abnormal cells look under the microscope and how they behave. The most common type of invasive cancer in North America is epithelial.
Breast cancer, in particular, is the most common form of cancer in women. The symptoms depend largely on the type of cancer that has developed (ductal or lobular). The most common symptom is a lump that can be felt in the breast or armpit. Other symptoms are often associated with hormonal changes, such as vaginal bleeding between periods, hot flashes or night sweats.
A new lump in the breast or underarm is a sign that something is wrong .
Swelling or thickening of a portion of the breast.
Dimpling or irritation of the breast skin.
In the nipple area of the breast, there is redness or flaky skin.
Nipple pulling in or soreness in the nipple area.
Breast lumps can be caused by a variety of illnesses, including cancer. However, the majority of breast lumps are caused by other medical issues. Fibrocystic breast disease and cysts are the two most common causes of breast lumps. Noncancerous alterations in the breast caused by fibrocystic disease can make them lumpy, sensitive, and uncomfortable. Cysts in the breast are tiny fluid-filled sacs that can form.
Growing elderly: Cancer risk rises with age, with the majority of cases detected beyond the age of 50.
Mutations in the DNA: Certain genes, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2, have inherited alterations (mutations). Breast and ovarian cancer are more common in women who have inherited these genetic alterations.
History of procreation: Early menstrual periods before the age of 12 and menopause after the age of 55 expose women to hormones for prolonged periods of time, increasing their risk of cancer.
Having breasts that are thick: Because dense breasts have more connective tissue than fatty tissue, cancers can be difficult to spot on a mammography.
There are various non-cancerous breast disorders in the past. Women who have had cancer before are more likely to have it again. Non-cancerous breast illnesses such atypical hyperplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ have been linked to an increased risk of the cancer.
Breast or ovarian cancer in the family. If a woman has a mother, sister, or daughter or many family members on either her mother’s or father’s side of the family who have had breast or ovarian cancer, her chance of cancer is increased. A woman’s risk is further increased if she has a first-degree male relative who has cancer.
Radiation therapy was used in the past. Women who received radiation therapy to the chest or breasts before the age of 30 have a greater risk of developing cancer.
Type of breast cancer – Includes
Male breast cancer
This is an uncommon type of cancer that develops in men’s breast tissue. Despite the fact that breast cancer is most usually associated with women, it can also affect men.This is more common in older men, although it can strike anyone at any time.
Men who are diagnosed with this cancer early on have a decent chance of being cured. Surgical removal of the breast tissue is usually the first step in treatment. Other therapies, including as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, may be suggested depending on your specific circumstances.
Men with the breast cancer -signs and symptoms
A lump or thickening in your breast tissue that isn’t painful.
Dimpling, puckering, redness, or scaling of the skin that covers your breast.
Redness or scaling on your nipple, or a nipple that is beginning to curve inward.
Your nipple should be discharged.
Treatments for breast cancer
Surgery. A procedure in which surgeons remove cancerous tissue from the body.
Chemotherapy. Special drugs are used to shrink or kill cancer cells. The drugs can be pills that you consume or medicines that are injected into your veins, or both.
Hormone therapy is a type of treatment that involves the use of hormones Cancer cells are unable to obtain the hormones they require to proliferate.
Biological therapy is a type of treatment that involves the use of living Aids your immune system in fighting cancer cells or reducing the adverse effects of other cancer treatments.
Radiation therapy is a type of treatment that involves the use of To kill cancer cells, high-energy rays are used.
what causes breast cancer
Taking alcoholic beverages. The consumption of alcoholic beverages is definitely connected to an increased risk of cancer.
Obesity is being overweight. After menopause, being overweight or obese increases the risk of cancer.
Being inactive in terms of physical activity.
I don’t have any children
Breastfeeding is not an option
Hormone replacement therapy after menopause
Breast implants are a type of breast augmentation.
Stages of breast cancer
The size of the tumour, if it has migrated to lymph nodes, if it has gone to distant parts of the body, and what biomarkers it possesses are all used to describe how extensive the cancer is.
Staging can be done either before or after surgery on a patient. Doctors utilise diagnostic tests to determine the stage of cancer, therefore staging may not be complete until all tests are completed. Knowing the stage aids the doctor in determining the best course of therapy and can aid in predicting a patient’s prognosis, or possibility of recovery. Distinct forms of cancer have different stage descriptions.
TNM system for cancer
- Tumor (T)
- Node (N)
- Metastasis (M)
Breast cancer genes
BRCA1 and BRCA2: An inherited mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene is the most common cause of hereditary cancer. These genes aid in the production of proteins that repair damaged DNA in normal cells.
The density of your breasts is determined through a mammography. You may be told if your breasts have low or high density when you get your mammography findings. Cancer is more likely in women who have thick breasts.
Are more youthful.
Are you pregnant or nursing a child?
If you’re on hormone replacement medication, you’re in good company.
Reduce your body weight.
cancer can be caused by a variety of circumstances, including dense breasts.
According to the American Cancer Society (ACS)
In the United States, there are more than 3.8 million cancers survivors.
Cancers has a 1 in 38 risk of killing you (2.6 percent ).
By the end of 2021, 281,550 new instances of invasive cancer will have been diagnosed.
By the end of 2021, around 43,600 women will have died from cancer.
What are the early signs of cancer?
Inside the breast or underarm area, there are bumps.
Breast size and form changes.
A nagging ache in a single region that refuses to go away,noticeable veins on the breast’s surface
Does stress cause breast cancer?
Many women believe that stress and anxiety contributed to their breast cancer diagnosis. Because there was no clear evidence of a link between stress and an increased risk of breast cancer, UK researchers performed a major prospective study on the subject.
What age does breast cancer occur?
The majority of breast cancers are diagnosed in women over the age of 50. Some women will develop breast cancer despite having no other known risk factors.
What is the survival rate of breast cancer?
90 women out of 100 survive 5 years after being diagnosed with breast cancer.